Home-Based Child Care Information

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Local Zoning Approval for Home-Based Child Care Providers

What You Need to Know


The Virginia Department of Social Services requires daycare providers comply with local zoning laws before they will grant or renew a daycare license.  The Leesburg Department of Planning & Zoning is here to help you understand the Town's regulations and guide you through the permitting process.

The Leesburg Zoning Ordinance contains the local land use regulations which are in place to limit the negative impacts a particular use may have on neighboring properties.  Examples of land use issues include site access and parking, outdoor recreation area size and security, and buffering/screening on the property such as landscaping and fencing. Section 9.4.7 of the Zoning Ordinance specifically addresses Family Day Homes.

Home-Based Child Care for 6 or More Children

A home-based child care operation for 6 to 12 children (exclusive of the children living at the home) is defined by the Zoning Ordinance as a "Family Day Home" and requires approval from the Town.  Some applications for 6 - 9 children may be approved administratively subject to meeting the performance standards listed in the Zoning Ordinance following Zoning Administrator review and neighbor notification. This takes approximately 45 - 60 days. Requests for 9 or more children and those that for 6 - 9 that do not meet the performance standards require a special exception (which takes approximately 90 days). Please contact Planning staff at 703.771.2434 to determine whether you qualify for the administrative process.  

Home-Based Child Care for 5 or Fewer Children

The Zoning Ordinance allows up to 5 children (in addition to your own children) as a by-right use. No Town zoning approval or permit is required. However, you are required to maintain a valid business license from the Town. If you are providing day care service for infants also be sure to check with the Virginia Department of Social Services to see if a state license is required. 

Special Exception Toolbox for Child Care Applicants
Staff has prepared the following information to guide you through the special exception process.  If you have questions, please feel free to contact Deputy Director of Planning & Zoning Brian Boucher  at 703-771-2765 or bboucher@leesburgva.gov.

What you will need to start the special exception process

Pre-Application Meeting Request Form
Land Development Application 
Disclosure of Real Parties in Interest Form

Sample Child Care Special Exception Submission Forms

Sample Pre-Application Meeting Request Form
Sample Land Development Application
Sample Statement of Justification
Sample Disclosure of Real Parties in Interest Form
Sample Special Exception Application Checklist
Sample Written Notice